Timeline of the Apostle Paul

Exact dates for the events of the period are difficult to secure. Sources often conflict and there are few references to external evidence. For further information, refer to the Bibliography. In the Footsteps of Paul. The History. The Characters. Online Resources.

Biblical Studies (NT)/II. THE MINISTRY OF PAUL

Over a period of some ten years in the middle of the first century, St. Paul made three journeys, traveling through Anatolia and Greece spreading the gospel. In the course of these, he visited much of Anatolia, probably walking a good deal of the way, accompanied by one or more companions.

a date. Most of what we know of Paul’s timeline comes to us from Luke in the book of Acts. Here we can trace the missionary journeys, Paul’s trips to Jerusalem.

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Some of the more helpful dates in studying the events in Paul’s ministry are the death of King Aretas of Syria in 40 AD, the beginning of the reign of Claudius.

In Chapter 9 of Acts, we come into close contact with Saul, later known as Paul, for the first time. Paul has already been briefly mentioned in Acts in Chapters 7 and 8, in connection with the stoning of Stephen. Luke writes:. Such was the unpromising introduction to Paul. No one could have foreseen that this man who was so bent on eradicating Christianity was to become one of the greatest leaders in church history.

Firstly, he was born near the beginning of the first century in the city of Tarsus in the province of Cilicia, which is now a part of Turkey. Tarsus was a busy Greco-Roman city at the northeast corner of the Mediterranean which was noted as a trading center and for its university.

Travel and Transport in St. Paul’s Time

He visited Miletus and left Trophimus there because he was ill — see 2 Timothy and then left Timothy in charge of the church at Ephesus see 1 Timothy see 2 on Map He may have visited Colossae see Philemon before he continued to Troas where he left his coat with Carpus — see 2 Timothy see 3 on Map From Rome he wrote his Second Letter to Timothy shortly before he was beheaded as he was a Roman citizen in c.

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Saul is a Jewish name, harkening back to the first king of Israel 1 Samuel Paul was thoroughly Jewish. Until his conversion, his primary identity was found in his Jewish roots. He likely went by Saul with his family and his peers. Yet, as a Roman citizen the apostle would have also taken a name which associated with the Roman culture. Luke refers to the apostle as Saul until the first missionary journey, where a change is noted in the text of Acts. On the other hand, in his own writings the apostle always refers to himself by his Latin name Paul.

A careful study of Acts shows that this is not necessarily the case. The apostle is referred to as Saul multiple times following his conversion and it is only later in the text when this change occurs. The answer to this question is likely found in the fact that all of the writings we have from Paul post-date the first missionary journey.

Luke notes the change in his text, probably indicating that Paul made the change himself. Speaking to a Roman proconsul in Cypress on the first missionary journey was an excellent occasion to emphasize his Roman heritage. Subsequent encounters with new Gentile converts in the months that followed may have cemented the changeover. The apostle Paul traveled on three missionary journeys, recounted by Luke in the book of Acts.

Paul’s Letters and Missionary Journeys Chart

Chronology is the study of the sequence of events in an historical text, and the comparison of those events with other known events from other sources. The Bible is an historical document, and part of assessing the value of any historical narrative is the study of Chronology. When events in the Bible line up with known dates confirmed outside the Bible, is suggests a high level of reliability in the biblical text.

Also, some areas of doctrine are based on chronological assertions, as we shall see in the case of Gal.

The Letters are not in their normal New Testament Order, but in the date order Paul’s First Missionary Journey, with Barnabas to Cyprus and Asia Minor c.

Question: “What were the different missionary journeys of Paul? The apostle Paul was a well-educated, leading Jew named Saul. He even participated in the execution of the first Christian martyr, Stephen Acts — On his way to Damascus to find and imprison more Christians, Paul met the Lord. He repented, turning in faith to Jesus Christ. After this experience, he attempted to persuade Jews and Christians about his life-changing conversion.

Paul, Missionary Journeys

Paul was a 1st century Jew who, after being the bitterest enemy of the Christian Church, became its leading missionary and possibly its greatest theologian. His letters, the earliest extant Christian documents, antedate the Gospels of the New Testament. More than half of the Acts of the Apostles deals with his career, and this, together with the letters written by him or in his name, comprises one-third of the New Testament.

His efforts and his vision of a world church were responsible for the rapid spread of Christianity and for the speed with which it became a universal religion.

Answer: The New Testament records Paul taking three missionary journeys that spread the message of Christ to Asia Minor and Europe. The.

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Paul the Apostle

However, the details provided in his epistles and the book of Acts allow us to understand much about his life. This article explains how we can date many of the important events in the life of the apostle Paul. While the Bible does not provide a complete biography of the apostle Paul, his epistles and the book of Acts reveal a lot of information about this important figure in church history.

The Book of Acts describes three missionary journeys of the apostle Paul and one to Rome for a trial before Caesar, cumulatively encompassing the dates.

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The Life of the Apostle Paul

Of all the great wayfarers of antiquity, the journeys of Paul of Tarsus see paul, apostle, st. His travels by land and sea in the Roman dominated eastern regions of the Mediterranean during the relatively peaceful era of the Pax Romana are most reliably reconstructed by placing primary reliance upon those epistles judged authentically his Rom, 1 — 2 Cor, Gal, Phil, 1 Thess, Phlm.

The traditions about Paul’s movement in the deutero-Pauline letters function as secondary sources and must be critically evaluated for possible supplementary data. The massive material about Paul in the Acts of the Apostles functions as a secondary source, one most difficult to assess, since its author, Luke, clearly knew much about Paul. Luke implies that he had at times traveled with Paul see the so-called we-passages in Acts — 17; — 15; — 18; — , yet he often gives or appears to omit information that does not correlate with Paul’s letters.

Paul has long been described and mapped as having made three missionary journeys, followed by a fourth as a prisoner, nevertheless indomitably still preaching, when taken under custody to Rome.

Ph Chart · Bible Studies. Why, before his third missionary journey, did Paul call Peter a hypocrite? List of Prophets & Dates in the OT. Visit the post for more.

Not everything in our Bibles is inspired. The words certainly are, but the chapters, verses, footnotes, references, and maps are not. Whereas these attempts to outline the journeys of Paul should not be discounted, it seems more helpful for pedagogical purposes to organize them into the following seven. He then went to Arabia not to hibernate in a cave somewhere to contemplate his faith, but to evangelize many cities of the Nabatean kingdom, including presumably Petra in present-day Jordan cf.

Schnabel , 63— Thereafter, he returned to Damascus cf. Yet he was able to flee to Jerusalem, where he interacted with the Apostles Peter and James cf. This stage of activity is a blind spot in most depictions of Paul. Yet Martin Hengel and Anna Schwemer, in their work Paul Between Damascus and Antioch , present a treasure trove of information regarding what Paul was up to during this stage in his life. Apparently, young Saul was taken from his city of birth by his father at an early age to Jerusalem to study under the famous Rabbi Gamaliel cf.

Van Unnik , — His return to Tarsus during this time of need demonstrates that he maintained close connections to the city. The best estimation is that he spent at least ten years in Tarsus cf.

Paul’s Seven Missionary Journeys with Seven Implications

According to the New Testament book Acts of the Apostles often simply called Acts , Paul persecuted some of the early disciples of Jesus, possibly Hellenised diaspora Jews converted to Christianity, [10] in the area of Jerusalem prior to his conversion. He was struck blind, but after three days his sight was restored by Ananias of Damascus and Paul began to preach that Jesus of Nazareth is the Jewish Messiah and the Son of God. Thirteen of the twenty-seven books in the New Testament have traditionally been attributed to Paul.

Pauline authorship of the Epistle to the Hebrews is not asserted in the Epistle itself and was already doubted in the 2nd and 3rd centuries. Today, Paul’s epistles continue to be vital roots of the theology, worship and pastoral life in the Latin and Protestant traditions of the West , as well as the Eastern Catholic and Orthodox traditions of the East. It has been popularly assumed that Saul’s name was changed when he became a follower of Jesus Christ, but that is not the case.

Paul’s Missionary Journeys. By Marissa Widdison. Church Magazines. NT Stories​- Paul’s Missionary Journey. After Jesus was resurrected, the Apostle Paul.

Acts Some time later in 50AD, Paul suggests that he and Barnabas leave Antioch and return to the towns in Galatia and Pisidia that they visited on their previous journey see Map They have an argument about whether to take John Mark with them again, and agree to go their separate ways. Barnabas also disagrees with Paul, around this time, about whether Gentile believers should be circumcised and whether Jewish believers should eat with Gentiles see Galatians This may be the reason why Barnabas decides to re-visit the Jewish believers in Cyprus , while Paul re-visits the Gentile believers in Galatia.

Silas is from the Jerusalem Christian community see Acts They travel through Syria and Cilicia encouraging the new believers there see 2 on Map Timothy is Jewish by birth as his mother is Jewish , but he has not been circumcised according to Jewish custom as his father is Greek a Gentile. As the advantages enjoyed by Paul are only open to a Jewish companion such as preaching in the Jewish synagogues and entering the inner courts of the Temple in Jerusalem Paul circumcises Timothy as a Jewish believer in Jesus Christ.

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