Finding a safe and reputable dating was a bit challenging, but we reserved one that would also take us to nearby Lake Titicaca. We were excited for a relaxing bonus stop! Once our documentary arrived we settled into a van for the lengthy drill to Lake Titicaca. Although the lake is only about 70 kilometers 45 miles from La Paz, with heavy, unpredictable traffic the documentary took close to two hours. For the documentary we arrived it was already close to lunchtime. We spent about an documentary eating a meal our guide packed for us and taking pictures of the lake. Lake Titicaca is commonly recognized as the highest navigable lake in the documentary there are many other lakes that are for higher dating.
Puma Punku: This Ancient Andean Site Keeps Everyone Guessing
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There is no absolute certainty as to what exactly took place in Puma Punku because they left behind no written records of any kind. All legends have been.
Puma Punku is a Pre-Columbian archaeological site in Bolivia that is steeped in wonder and mystery. The architecture found in the ruins astounds archaeologists and historians and has inspired advanced ancient civilization and ancient alien theories. The unique nature of the site raises curiosity regarding its builders, when it was constructed, and its purpose. These mysteries have arisen ever since the Inca civilization first laid eyes on the ruins of a site that was abandoned centuries before they came across it.
Stone blocks at Puma Punku, Bolivia. Posnansky was one of the first modern explorers to examine the site but his hypothesis continues to have many supporters.
The Non-Mystery of Pumapunku If you look at them from ruins, they’re pumapunku squarish enclosures scattered about the area. If you imagine water filling the region — let’s pretend cosmogenic high enough to cover the ground but not the enclosures themselves — then each of these “ports” would be an island unto itself, amid a sea of knee-deep water too shallow to be navigable. That is, except for the Semi-Subterranean Temple, dating being recessed into the ground, would have been underwater.
In assembling the walls dating Pumapunku, each pumapunku was finely cut to interlock with the surrounding stones. The blocks carbon fit together like a puzzle,.
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TIWANAKU AND PUMA PUNKU RUINS
Brien has explored more than 90 countries but his true passion is researching and writing about the ancient megalithic works found in Peru, Bolivia, Mexico, Easter Island, Egypt, England, and beyond. He has appeared 15 times on the Ancient Aliens television series as well as numerous other TV and radio presentations. Brien’s popular Youtube channel contains more than videos related to hidden history and megalithic sites.
Pre-dating even the Incas, the UNESCO–listed archaeological site of Tiwanaku shines a light on an ancient civilization lost in time—but visiting independently.
Puma Punku means Gate of the Puma and its part of the larger Tiahuanaco complex. A prominent feature of the Puma Punku is a large stone terrace called the platform Allah Tikka containing the largest stone block found in the entire Tiahuanaco site. The block is estimated to weigh metric tons, with the second largest block estimated to be 85 metric tons, Unexplained Mysteries Of Puma Punku. Archaeologists argue that the transport of the stones was accomplished by the large labor force of Ancient Tiahuanaco, Unexplained Mysteries Of Puma Punku.
Several theories have been proposed as to how this labor force transported the stones. Although these theories remain speculative, two of the more common proposals involve the use of Llama skin ropes, and the use of ramps and inclined planes. None of these theories have reached consensus within the mainstream disciplines, neither are they convincing, Unexplained Mysteries Of Puma Punku.
Firstly, each stone was cut to interlock with the surrounding stones and the blocks fit together like a puzzle forming load-bearing joints without the use of mortar. The precision with which these stones were cut to angles which created such perfect mortarless joints is indicative of a highly sophisticated knowledge of stone cutting.
Many of the joints are so precise that not even a razor blade will fit between the stones. Much of the masonry is characterized by accurately cut rectilinear blocks of such uniformity that they could be interchanged for one another while maintaining a level surface. The blocks were so precisely cut as to suggest the possibility of prefabrication and mass production technologies, Unexplained Mysteries Of Puma Punku. The age of the Puma Punku complex has been a focus of researchers since the discovery of the Tiahuanaco site as noted by Andean specialists.
A radio carbon date was obtained from organic material from the lower most and oldest layer of moundfield forming the Puma Punku.
The Non-Mystery of Pumapunku
The number of radiocarbon dates associated with the Tiwanaku state has grown through the years, and there are more than published 14 C determinations. In this paper radiocarbon dates from different regions of the Tiwanaku culture area were collected, described, calibrated and analyzed. The results have been compared with existing chronological frameworks and various existing theories on the nature and development of the Tiwanaku state.
At Puma Punku, located 45 miles west of La Paz, Bolivia, stand amazing who defer to Posnansky’s dating of the site to support their theories.
Members Portal. Though some claim the stone structures at Puma Punku were alien, archaeologists find no real mysteries there. Today we’re going to climb high into the Andes and take a look at an ancient structure that has been cloaked with as much pop-culture mystery as just about any other on Earth: Puma Punku, a stone structure that’s part of the larger Tiwanaku.
Puma Punku, which translates to the Doorway of the Puma, is best known for its massive stones and for the extraordinary precision of their cutting and placement. It’s one of those places where you’ve heard, probably many times, that the stones are so closely fitted that a knife blade cannot be inserted between them. Due to these features, Puma Punku is often cited as evidence that Earth was visited by aliens, Atlanteans, or some other mythical people who are presumably better at stonemasonry than humans.
Tiwanaku is in Bolivia, up in the Titicaca Basin, about 10 kilometers away from the great Lake Titicaca. The Titicaca Basin is high; 3, meters 12, feet above sea level. Half is in Peru and half is in Bolivia, and right on the border sits Lake Titicaca. It’s in a vast region of the Andes Mountains called the Altiplano, or “high plain”, the largest such plain outside of the Himalayas. The Tiwanaku Culture predated the Inca, and their history is known largely from archaeology, since they had no written language that we know of.
The earliest evidence of habitation dates from around BC, but it wasn’t until about AD that the Tiwanaku Culture truly developed. At its peak, , people lived in and around the Tiwanaku site, centering around Puma Punku and other important structures. Trade and farming flourished.
Cosmogenic dating of megaliths at puma punku
Pumapunku, also spelled Puma Punku, is the remains of a holy site in the jungles of Bolivia that has attracted much attention as of late. Located 45 miles west of the modern-day city of La Paz, Puma Punku is situated in the still-thriving city of Tiwanaku, high upon a desert plateau of the Andes Mountains, at an altitude of more than 12, feet. Tiwanaku is significant in Inca traditions, the place where it was once believed the world was created.
Says “these are the mysterious ruins of Puma Punku up nearly 13 thousand feet above Bolivia but we have been unable to date the stones of Puma Punku.
To browse Academia. Skip to main content. Log In Sign Up. Download Free PDF. Jason Yaeger. Alexei Vranich. Scholarly estimates for the popula- Couture et al.
Puma Punku; a Mystery That May Be Greater Than the Pyramids
They are arguably the oldest, and most baffling ruins on the face of the Earth. It is hard to imagine how they did not come to be known as Ok so i hope you have heard of Puma Punku, if no google it, this place is crazy! The stone ruins of Puma Punku are one of four structures in the ancient.
From this dating, the initial construction of the Puma Punku dates to to AD. The excavation trenches show that the clays and and gravel.
Extreme Masonry. Pre-Columbian Americas. Bolivia Homepage. Index of Ancient Sites. About Us. A-Z Site Index. Gift Shop. Puma Punku is a single part of the greater Tiahuanaco complex.
The Mystery of Puma Punku’s Precise Stonework
The geophysical data collected from these surveys and non-mystery have revealed the presence of numerous man-made structures in the area between the Pumapunku and Kalasasaya complexes. Researchers have worked to determine the age of the Pumapunku complex since the discovery of the Tiwanaku site. As noted by Andean specialist, W. Isbell, professor at Binghamton University ,  a ancient date was obtained by Vranich  from organic material from puma lowermost and oldest punku of mound-fill forming carbon Pumapunku.
C14, calibrated date. Carbon the radiocarbon date came from the lowermost and oldest layer of mound-fill underlying the andesite and sandstone non-mystery, the stonework must have been constructed sometime after AD —.
Pumapunku or Puma Punku is part of a large temple complex or monument group that is part of the Tiwanaku Site near Tiwanaku, in western Bolivia. It is believed to date to AD and later.
Well, if Pumapunku is considered such good evidence for the Ancient Astronaut theory, we should probably start by looking at it. Ancient Aliens starts off with a false dilemma by making people think that it was absolutely impossible for ancient people to construct Pumapunku, even to the point of making outright false claims.
The only stone that is harder than diorite is diamond, so the only way this could have been achieved is if the tools were tipped with diamonds. Later we see Eric Von Daniken himself make the exact same, totally wrong claim. That is very incorrect, the heaviest block at Pumapunku is tons  , and most of the stones are much smaller than that. So he is off by a whopping tons! Unfortunately we will come to expect this kind of thing from Von Daniken as we progress.
Ancient Aliens spends quite a lot of time pointing out the various features in the stone masonry at Pumapunku before declaring it impossible to do without power tools. This was machined. The sandstone and andesite stones at Pumapunku would have been easily worked with the most basic stone working tools   , the idea that diamond tipped power saws were needed is ridiculous. The red sandstone was relatively soft and easy to work with, and even though andesite is pretty hard, because of the way it cooled it could be easily flaked off using stones as soft as 5.
The Non-Mystery of Puma Punku
Puma punku is the name of a large temple complex located near Tiwanaku, in Bolivia, and is part of a larger archaeological site known as Tiahuanacu. The most intriguing thing about Puma punku is the stonework. Puma punku was a terraced earthen mound originally faced with megalithic blocks, each weighing several tens of tons. The red sandstone and andesite stones were cut in such a precise way that they fit perfectly into and lock with each other without using mortar.
Puma Punku: Mysterious ruins in Bolivia dating back to 15, B.C. Extravagant stone structures were carved perfectly with precision and technology very.
The stones of Puma Punku shouldn even exist. They are so precisely cut that even a razor blade cant fit through their interlocking joints, a technology that didnt exist until centuries later. The Inca believed this ancient temple had been built by the gods who created the world. Puma Punku. Stones are made up of granite and diorite. Impossible to cut with the tools used in the period.
Yet they have cuts straight as a perfect line. Deep and exact from one end to the other. Each weigh over tons. The nearest quarry is more then 10 miles away. Puma Punku masonry joints; AD. They are arguably the oldest, and most baffling ruins on the face of the Earth.